Memorial sites and traces of the Berlin Wall

Berlin Wall Memorial
A fragment of the wall at Berlin Wall Memorial

The wall that divided Berlin for almost 30 years marked a dark period in the history of the German people and its fall, in 1989, was celebrated by people coming form all over the world. The Wall was cut into pieces and sent in over 30 countries in Europe, America, Asia and Africa. However, some fragments remained here and are now part of memorial sites or of a street art gallery.

The so-called East Side Gallery is the longest surviving section of the Berlin Wall and, at the same time, the largest open air art gallery in the world. Located on the banks of the river Spree in the district of Friedrichshain and measuring 1.3 km, it was painted in 1990 by more than 100 artists from over 20 countries. The most famous art work on the wall is called the “Fraternal Kiss” and it depicts a kiss between Russian leader Leonid Brezhnev and East Germany’s SED Party Chairman Erich Honecker. The gallery contains the same works today, but they have been restored a few times, since they are completely exposed to the weather and/or vandalism.

Other traces of the wall can be seen throughout the city, for example at Berlin Wall Memorial in Bernauer Strasse, which offers also a lot of information about the wall, or at Potsdamer Platz.  Moreover, the route of the Berlin Wall is marked along many of Berlin’s streets by a double row of cobblestones.

If you still want to find out more about the wall and the way it impacted the life of so many people, you can visit the Mauermuseum (the Wall Museum) at Checkpoint Charlie (an important landmark in the history of divided Berlin, located in Mitte district).

Berlin Wall Memorial
The route of the Wall
The route of the Wall, marked on the streets

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